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CLIMATE:
Most of Egypt is subtropical area, but the southern part of Upper Egypt is tropical. Northern winds temper the climate along the Mediterranean, but the interior areas are very hot. The temperature sinks quickly after sunset because of the high radiation rate under cloudless skies. Rainfall averages about 2 inches a year, but sudden storms sometimes cause devastating flash floods. Precipitation often approaches 8 inches annually on the Mediterranean coast. Hot dry sandstorms, known as Khamsin, come off the Western desert in spring. In Cairo, average temperatures range from 7 to 29°C (45 to 85°F) in January, while July averages range from 21.6 to 35.5° C (71 to 96° F). Relative humidity varies from 68% in February to over 70% in August to 77% in December. The winter months are considered to be December, January and February.
For today's weather forecast see: CNN - Africa Weather Forecasts


VISAS & IMMIGRATION:
Visas are required by all nationals except those of Malta and Arab countries. These can either be obtained from your home country at the port and airport of arrival. If traveling overland visas can be obtained from neighboring countries without much of a problem. You can apply for either a single entry visa which entitles the holder to a stay of up to one month and is valid for presentation for up to three months, or you can apply for a multiple entry visa which is limited for up to three visits.

There is normally a two week grace period beyond the expiry date of your visa. Visas can be extended for up to a period of six months but you will normally be required to show you have sufficient to support your stay and show bank receipts proving you have changed sufficient money. Credit card receipts for purchases or cash advances are generally not accepted.


MONEY:
Currency: 1 Egyptian Pound (E£)=100 piastres (pt)
Current Exchange Rate: Today's Exchange Rate

Most foreign currencies, cash or travelers cheque can easily be changed in Egypt. There are many exchange bureaus in the larger cities but they mainly only deal in cash. Visa and MasterCard are good for cash advances and together with American Express and JCb cards and Eurocard can be used in a wide range of shops and hotels.

If you are traveling to lesser tourist areas the best currencies to have are US dollars, Pounds Sterling.


TRANSPORT & GETTING AROUND:
Domestic Flights: ( Egypt Air)
Click here for Domestic Flight Time Table
Egypt Air offers daily flights between Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, Aswan, Abu Simbel, Hurghada, Sharm el-Sheikh, Oasis.

Rail:
Egypt has a regular efficient train service traveling between every major town within the country and offering a range of services from plush air-conditioned sleepers to 1rd class sitting train.

Bus:
An efficient Super Speed Bus( Super Jet) services is available from to and from all the major cities in the country including the Sinai.


PUBLIC HOLIDAYS:
1st January New Years' Day
25th April Sinai Liberation Day
1st May Labour Day
18th June Liberation Day
23rd July Revolution Day
6th October Armed Forces Day
December 25th Christmas Day

ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES:
Alcoholic beverages are available in most hotels, cruises, and select restaurants. Both local and international wine and beer can be purchased. The international brands tend to be more expensive.

CAMERAS & VIDEO CAMERAS:
Only video cameras must be registered at Cairo airport upon arrival, this process takes only a few minute,. there will be a small charge to use both still cameras and video cameras at most museums and sites, including the Egyptian Museum of Antiquities.
N.B. Flashes are prohibited inside most museums and tombs.


CLOTHING :
Overall, Egypt is a very casual country! However, you may want to plan accordingly for the weather. Day dress should include cotton and breathable fabric clothing, comfortable shoes, hat, and sun block. Shorts are acceptable. Evening dress is smart-casual. A light jacket or sweater is advisable for the months of November - April.


Electrical Current:
220 volts is the electrical current used within the country. The 220 volts is a two-pronged plug. Most 5 star hotels provide hair dryers and ironing service.
However, if you need to bring an appliance, you may want to purchase an adapter before traveling.


Shopping/Handy Crafts in Egypt:

Egypt is known for its handy crafts and wonderful shopping opportunities. Gold and Silver Jewelry, brassware, copper work, alabaster, leather goods, papyrus, perfumes, and hand made woolen or silk rugs are among the long list of goods native to this country.


Tipping:
Tipping is a way of life in Egypt! It is advisable to carry small change with you. At restaurants, you can base your tip on 10% of the total bill. Porters, hotel/cruise staff, excursion guides, representatives, and drivers look forward to tips if they have given you a good service.




Country Guide


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